Who was the Last Pharaoh of Egypt?

One of the most well-known Egyptian pharaohs in the eyes of the general public is Cleopatra VII (69–30 BC; ruled 51–30 BC), but she was a monarch of the 20th century. Most of what we humans know about rumors, conjecture, propaganda, gossip, etc. is not century-old knowledge. The last Ptolemy was stung by a poisonous snake; she was not a seductress, did not enter Caesar’s palace draped in carpets, and did not enchant men into losing their senses. She wasn’t breathtakingly gorgeous, but she didn’t die.

No, Cleopatra was a diplomat, a seasoned naval commander, a seasoned royal administrator, and a multilingual orator (including Parthian, Ethiopian, Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, and Median). did hospitals that have been published. Egypt had been governed by the Romans for fifty years prior to her accession to the throne. Despite her best efforts to preserve her nation a powerful ally or at the very least an autonomous state, 5,000 years after her death Egypt became Aegyptus, a Roman province.

Birth of Cleopatra VII and her Family

Early in the year 69 BC, Cleopatra VII was born. Ptolemy XII (117 BC–51 BC), the second of five children, named himself “New Dionysus,” but was seen as a weak ruler in Rome and Egypt as “The Flutist.” Ptolemy XII lived towards the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty was born, the Roman Empire’s intervention under the rule of dictator L. Cornelius Sulla allowed his predecessor Ptolemy XI (who died in 80 BC) to seize power for the first time.

If so, Cleopatra’s mother was three-quarters Macedonian and one-quarter Egyptian, two of Alexander the Great’s contemporaries who made up the original Ptolemy, and most likely belonged to the Egyptian priestly lineage Ptah. It dates back to Seleucus I and I.

Her brothers included Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, as well as Arsinoe IV, the Queen of Cyprus who was exiled to Ephesus and murdered at Cleopatra’s request. Berenice IV, who governed Egypt while her father was away, and Berenice IV, who was assassinated when her father returned (both). She shared a brief period of authority with Cleopatra VII and was killed for her.

Cleopatra VII became a queen

At 58 BC Ptolemy the XII, the father of Cleopatra, went to Rome in 300 BC because of enraged citizens who were upset about the country’s economic woes and the growing belief that he was Rome’s puppet. In his absence, his daughter Berenice IV, who is about 55 BC, assumed the throne. He was revived by Rome (including the infant Mark Antony or Mark Antony), Berenice was put to death, and Cleopatra was declared the rightful monarch.

Ptolemy XII, who died in 51 BC Together with his older brother Ptolemy XIII, Cleopatra was born. Due to strong hostility to a woman ruling alone, he assumed the throne. In 48 BC, when their civil war started out and Julius Caesar passed away. When Chr. arrived to visit, it was still going on. Caesar left in the spring after installing Cleopatra on the throne by herself, having spent his 48–47 winters in war and Ptolemy XIII’s settlement to kill. She gave birth to a son that summer, whom she named Caesarion and claimed to be Caesar’s offspring. 46 BC marked her departure. She went back to Rome, where she was acknowledged as a legitimate monarch. In 44 BC, she paid Rome her next visit. at the time Caesar assassinated and tried to make her Caesarion her own heir.

Her Partnership with Rome

Political groups Both Brutus and Cassius, Julius Caesar’s killers, and his murderers’ victims, Octavian, Marc Anthony, and Lepidus, pleaded for their assistance. She ultimately chose Octavian’s side. Antony declared victory over the eastern provinces, which included Egypt, after Octavian took control as emperor of Rome. He began a strategy to increase Cleopatra’s control over the Levant, Asia Minor, and the Aegean Sea. The winter of 41–40 saw him travel to Egypt. He gave birth to twins in the spring. Instead, Anthony wed Octavia, and for the subsequent three years, Cleopatra’s existence is barely mentioned in history. She reared her three children in Rome without having any direct contact with the Romans while managing her own empire.

End of Cleopatra VII’s dynasty

Roma at the conclusion of the dynasty, under Octavian, started to view Marc Anthony as a rival. A propaganda battle over who was Caesar’s rightful heir broke out when Anthony sent his bride home (Octavian or Caesarion). Cleopatra was given the year 32 BC by Octavian. On September 31, a battle with Cleopatra’s navy took place off the coast of Actium. She and Marc Anthony came home after deciding to leave her ship and herself in Actium because they knew Alexandria would soon become a problem. She escaped to India before returning to Egypt and unsuccessfully tried to appoint Caesarion to the throne.

The negotiations between Octavian and Cleopatra failed due to Marc Anthony’s suicidal tendencies. In Egypt, Octavian was overthrown in the summer of 30 BC. She fooled Marc Anthony into killing himself, and when she realized Octavian intended to portray her as the captive leader, she also killed herself.

Who Came after Cleopatra VII

After Cleopatra’s passing, her son held power for a few days, but Rome’s Augustus (Octavian’s real name) made Egypt a province.
The Ptolemaic dynasty of Macedonian Greeks ruled Egypt after Alexander’s passing in 323 BC. Two centuries later, the balance of power shifted, and during the later Ptolemaic era, Rome took on the role as starving dynasty’s defender. The only thing keeping them from taking control was the tribute given to the Romans. Control of Egypt finally went to the Romans with Cleopatra’s demise. Although he held nominal power for a few days following Cleopatra’s suicide, her son was the last pharaoh to virtually reign.

you can Visit the Cleopatra VII monuments during your tours in Egypt with Al Sahel Travel

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.